Capital Polio Association

Capital Polio Association welcomes and invites anyone who had polio, or is a relative, friend or co-worker of a polio and/or is interested in helping to support more public education and awareness about the effects of post-polio syndrome.

Location: Tallahassee, Florida
Members: 11
Latest Activity: May 12, 2011

Discussion Forum

Polio: Coming to a Person Near You. Dr. Richard L. Bruno

Richard BrunoPolio: Coming to a Person Near You.Dr. Richard L. BrunoLast November, an unusual polio outbreak occurred in The Congo…Continue

Started by Daniel L. (Dan) Middlebrooks May 12, 2011.

Comment Wall


You need to be a member of Capital Polio Association to add comments!

Comment by Daniel L. (Dan) Middlebrooks on May 12, 2011 at 4:01pm
Richard BrunoPolio: Coming to a Person Near You.
Dr. Richard L. Bruno

Last November, an unusual polio outbreak occurred in The Congo Republic. A “wild” (naturally-occurring) Type I poliovirus, imported from Angola, has paralyzed at least 409 and killed 170. What is unusual is that those affected are not children under five but adults 15 to 29 and that 41% have died, versus the norm of 15% in an epidemic. Historically, more deaths do occur when older individuals get polio, but not nearly half. This epidemic, in a country that had been polio free for ten years, adds to the continued outbreaks in countries where polio remains endemic: Afghanistan, India, Nigeria and Pakistan.

There is an aspect of the Congo epidemic that is not unusual: There has been no mention of it in the American press. However, there was wide-spread attention in given to a polio outbreak in May 2010. A wild Type I poliovirus imported from India triggered an epidemic in Tajikistan that spread to three other previously polio-free countries and all the way to Moscow, affecting 476. This outbreak was more typical; 86% of those initially infected were children and 6% died.

This European pandemic caused the American Academy of Pediatricians in July 2010 to warn that “Low immunization rates in parts of U.S. could pave way for polio outbreak (showing) “how precarious our control of the disease can be when immunization rates fall below the target level of 90%. The polio immunization rate in Tajikistan is 87%.” The article goes on to warn that “polio immunization rates are lower than 90% in many areas of the United States” because of parents having “no recent experience” with polio, “concerns about vaccine safety and religious objections to immunization. With increasing globalization, the United States could be just an asymptomatic traveler away from an outbreak.” Remember, 70% of individuals infected with the poliovirus have <I>no<I> symptoms but can carry and spread the disease.


In 2007, the International Post-Polio Task Force began the National Immunization for Polio Prevention in Infants and Toddlers -- or "NIPP IT" – Campaign, when CDC reported drops in polio vaccination and that <I>one million<I> US infants and toddlers were unvaccinated against polio. The NIPP IT motto: “America's next polio epidemic could be just a plane ride away.”

This theme was adopted by an August 2010 “Houston Chronicle” editorial: “Polio's return to Tajikistan has raised some unsettling questions. International medical activists had planned to snuff out the disease by 2000. What's going wrong? The ongoing problem seems to be a mix of factors. Some are political, such as Muslim leaders in Nigeria who originally branded the vaccine a western sterilization plot. Meanwhile, isolated tribes or subcultures can harbor the disease.”
Not mentioned were the effects of war and corruption, lack of sanitation, basic public health and medical infrastructure and that the Sabin oral vaccine mutates and actually <I>causes<I> polio.

The editorial concludes, “Houston residents have reason to watch this battle and wish its warriors well. Even if polio is almost gone, the last cases will always be only a plane ride away from our own city.”
Indeed, Houstonians need worry. CDC found that Houston has the lowest polio vaccination rate of any reported US city -- 87% -- a drop of 5% from last year.

"Polio outbreaks highlight our global vulnerability to infectious disease," said Dr. Robert Scott, chair of Rotary’s polio eradication effort. "It reinforces the fact that polio 'control' is not an option, and only successful eradication will stop the disease."
Unfortunately, eradication is not happening in spite of $800 million spent on vaccination. In 2010, polio was at all time high in Pakistan, primarily in the war-torn Tribal Areas bordering Afganistan.

Perhaps it is time to admit that polio eradication is not possible given the political and social conditions in the Third World. Perhaps the millions being raised for polio eradication would be better spent, as the Chronicle proposed, “improving health care or hygiene more broadly,” and, as Dr. Scott prescribed, a "fast, large-scale, high-quality immunization response” to any polio outbreaks, plus treatment for polio survivors and those with Post-Polio Sequelae.

The International Post-Polio Task Force has proclaimed 2011 “The Year of Getting Serious About Polio,” serious about vaccinating America’s children, about treating the world’s <I>20 million<I> polio survivors who have Post-Polio Sequelae and about containing -- not eliminating -- polio
Comment by Daniel L. (Dan) Middlebrooks on January 17, 2011 at 1:36pm
LAST CALL!  Tuesday night Dr. Kenneth Brummel-Smith will be the speaker at our January Dinner Meeting.  We meet from 6p-8pm at the Select Specialty Hospital, located at 1554 Surgeons Drive, Tallahassee (runs off Miccosukee Rd. just past Goodwood Plantation entrance heading toward Cap Circle).  Phone 766-3555 if you have questions or need directions.
Thanks for those who have RSVP'd but if you have not, and would still like to attend or bring guests, please come - we always have extra.  This is an important program on the subject of the new Health Care Reform Legislation.   Will it be repealed? Will it be struck down by the Supreme Court?  How will it affect us? What should we look for?
Dr. Kenneth Brummel-Smith, our presenter, is a highly regarded national expert on all aspects of the health care debate - don't miss this opportunity to hear his presentation and pose questions.
There will be live music by CPA member and friend, Mr. Jim Crozier, and a delicious meal prepared by the culinary staff of Select Specialty - also door prizes and fun for all.
It will be an informative evening to get the New Year off to a good start.  PLEASE JOIN US!
Capital Polio Association
2107-B Delta Way
Tallahassee, FL 32303
(850) 580-2227
Comment by Daniel L. (Dan) Middlebrooks on January 14, 2011 at 3:35pm

Kenneth Brummel-Smith, M.D.
Professor & Chair, Department of Geriatrics,
FSU College of Medicine and former Post Polio Physician at Rancho Los Amigos, National Rehabilitation Center, in Downey, California
A QUICK REMINDER TO ALL: Tuesday, January 18, 2011 at the CPA regular dinner meeting we will hear from an authority on the new HealthCare Law - what it means, how it affects us, and what happens if the Supreme Court rules on it? 
All of this, plus a great dinner, prizes, good fellowship and updates on post polio developments in medicine and treatment will be on hand this Tuesday. 
RSVPs are encouraged, but not required.  Email us you are coming, or call 766-3555. 
WHEN: Tuesday, 1/18/11 from 6-8p
WHERE: Select Specialty Hospital, 1554 Surgeons Drive, Tallahassee
WHO: Capital Polio Association presents Dr. Ken Brummel-Smith of the FSU Medical School and Distinguished Professor of the Pepper Institute

Bio: Dr. Kenneth Brummel-Smith is the Charlotte Edwards Maguire Professor of Geriatrics and the chair of the Department of Geriatrics at the FSU College of Medicine. In addition he has edited five textbooks, done research addressing the effects of support groups on caregivers of  Alzheimer’s disease, methods of assessing pain in Alzheimer’s patients, outcomes of end-of-life care planning in frail elders, and the use of a risk assessment screening tool in a Medicare HMO.
and advance care planning. He serves on the National Advisory Council on Aging for the National Institute on Aging.

Prior to coming to the FSU College of Medicine, Dr. Brummel-Smith served as the medical director to the PACE Elderplace program in Portland, Oregon. He also served as Bain Chair of the Providence Center on Aging and as professor of family medicine at the Oregon Health Sciences University. Previously he was section chief for geriatrics in the department of family medicine at the University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, and division chief of geriatrics in the department of medicine at Oregon Health Sciences University. He is past president and past chairman of the board of the American Geriatrics Society.

Capital Polio Association
2107-B Delta Way
Tallahassee, FL 32303
(850) 580-2227
Comment by Daniel L. (Dan) Middlebrooks on November 17, 2010 at 8:19pm
Comment by Daniel L. (Dan) Middlebrooks on October 16, 2010 at 11:42pm
Reservations are suggested. 706-655-5870
Limit 80 participants
For more info click on the link
401 Little White House, Road Warm springs, GA 31830
Post Polio Clinic Returns
Roosevelt Warm springs is opening a Post-Polio Clinic
Dr. Kathryn Hoffman, a Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Specialist has returned to
Roosevelt Warm Springs to lead their Post-Polio Evaluation Clinic.
For Appointments Call: 706-655-5702
Comment by Daniel L. (Dan) Middlebrooks on August 11, 2010 at 6:08pm
Dr Bruno is now a member of Polio Today. You can find him under members. We all owe him so much for what he has done for us all.
Comment by Daniel L. (Dan) Middlebrooks on July 1, 2010 at 5:19pm
[InfoPolio] Reports of the death of The Post-Polio Institute have been grossly exaggerated!
Add to Contacts

Sent: Thursday, July 01, 2010 10:39 AM


Yes, The Post-Polio Institute has been closed at Englewood Hospital.

The hospital is millions in the red, lost 3% of its patients last year and has already lost another 3% this year. A hospital VP came and told me that The Post-Polio Institute was "in the red" and that I am personally financially responsible for all of the expenses of the Institute, from my assistant's and therapists' salaries to the cost of toilet paper. This is a violation of my contract that says the hospital will provide all of these things, which they had provided for the past 12 years.

I was able to raise $25,000, exactly the amount the Institute was supposedly “in the red.” But, that money is not being applied to my expenses. What's more, the hospital is trying to use International Centre for Post-Polio Education and Research grant funds to pay patient bills. Englewood Hospital is not a place that I want my patients to be, and certainly not a place that I want to be.

But, The Post-Polio Institute and The International Centre for Post-Polio Education and Research live!

I'm looking for a new location and I think I've found one. But, for now, as always, please contact me at:

if I can be of help.

Thank you for your patience, consideration and the dozens of e-mails and calls of support I've received during this time of transition.

Something's coming, something good!

Enjoy the summer,


Dr. Richard L. Bruno
International Post-Polio Task Force
The Post-Polio Institute
International Centre for Post-Polio Education and Research
Comment by Shari Fiksdal on December 7, 2009 at 1:07am
That is great news Stella! Then they will get lead here to Polio Today! Good job my friend.
Comment by Stella Newall on December 6, 2009 at 12:29pm
If the State Convenor of Spinal Injuries association gives the go-ahead for a PPS group here in the Redlands, the Breathing and Sleep Syposium videos will be shown to the group ASAP.
Comment by Barbara Gratzke on December 2, 2009 at 6:51am
We just arrived back home from our 7 month motor home trip and had to wait to be hooked up to a new cable company yesterday. Having my computer hooked up through cable is so very much faster so researching this wonderful site that Gladys and Rick are working on with the Salk Institute. We had a Verizin cell Internet card in the motor home, but was very slow most of the time. It's good to see that your Capital Polio Assn. group is going so well and you and Mark seem to be staying right on top of things. I haven't hosted a Yahoo Messenger voice/type chat while traveling, but plan to set some dates to do that soon as have not been able to keep up with friends and what is going on in their lives lately. How wonderful to have the Salk Institute working with us. It lends us so much creditability.

Members (11)



  • Add Photos
  • View All

Spread the word about

Post a flyer: You can let others know about by downloading this flyer and posting it on a local bulletin board and/or bringing it to your local PPS support group.

Invite your friends: You can easily send out email invitations to join

© 2020   Created by Salk Institute.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service